Oklahoma City Duplex – Progress Update

After months of searching for homes that fit my criteria, I finally closed on my first property in Oklahoma City on December 10, 2020. I plan to BRRRR (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat) this property, which is currently in the rehab phase as of February 2021. Below, I’ve provided an update on the property itself, rehab progress (spoiler alert: this one is slow-going), and what I have learned so far.  

The Property and How I Found It

The property is a 1300 square foot, 2 bedroom 2 bathroom duplex located in the growing Northwest side of Oklahoma City. My agent, Abbie Davis, actually presented this property to me while it was off-market.  Abbie and her husband own a property management company called The Property Center in OKC, and one of their clients reached out to Abbie saying he wanted to sell this property for $100,000. His property was already rented for $695 per side per month with solid tenants. Thankfully, Abbie reached out to me after recognizing that this property would be a great fit for my OKC strategy. 

Here are the numbers as we estimated them before putting the property under contract:

Purchase Price: $100,000

After Repair Value (conservative estimate): $156,000

Repairs (mostly cosmetic): $20,000

Time required to make repairs: 3 months

Total Monthly Rent: $1450 total (both sides plus pet fees). Once repairs are complete, property would rent for $1650-1850 total

As mentioned, the property was already rented out and cash-flowing, and since the repairs were mostly cosmetic and on the exterior of the property, we felt confident that we could keep the tenants in place while making the repairs. 

After we put the property under contract at the seller’s asking price, we proceeded with a  thorough inspection. The inspector confirmed that the repair costs would be very close to our original estimate of $20,000. I’ve always heard that rehabs regularly go over budget and take longer to complete than you think, so I made a mental note estimating the rehab would be closer to $25,000 and would take 3 months. 

The Northwest side of OKC is very hot right now! The heart marks the duplex

How I Funded the Deal 

I had finally found the property – now, I needed to come up with $100,000 cash to buy it. Thankfully, I had already been telling friends and family about what I was doing in Oklahoma City and sharing my journey via Instagram (@honorandequity), so I had a few different people already expressing interest in lending money to the LLC. My sister-in-law reached out and said she would 100% be on board lending the money. I contacted a real estate attorney in Oklahoma City to help draw up the contract and promissory note to make it all legitimate. She wired the money directly to the title company in time for closing and that was it! Honor and Equity’s first OKC property was in the books. 

My sister-in-law also agreed to fund the rehab (which we estimated at $20,000-$25,000) and we worked that verbiage into the contract. I felt pretty confident the rehab would go over $20,000, and I decided I would just fund any additional repairs out of my own pocket. 

The Molasses Rehab

If you want to get started on a rehab immediately after closing on a property, don’t buy it right before the Christmas holidays in the middle of a worldwide pandemic! The rehab, already moving like molasses, was slowed down even more by the coldest weather Oklahoma City has seen in over 100 years!

Before I get into the rehab specifics, I want to say that I’ve been working with some fantastic people at The Property Center. This is the property management company I use, and they have been kind enough to let me work directly with their folks who handle the maintenance coordination for the properties they manage. Paul and Sally at TPC have been the project managers on this rehab, including scheduling estimates, coordinating dates and times of the estimates with the tenants, and providing me progress updates, pictures, and confirmation that the work has been completed. As an out-of-state investor, I would not be able to do this strategy without great people like this to help me out! 

In order to figure out the must-do items of the rehab, I reached out to my local insurance agent Shane Jones at State Farm in Oklahoma City. He looked over the inspection report and told me which items I would have to fix in order for State Farm to insure the property. I passed this info along to Paul and Sally at TPC. I then chatted with Paul, Abbie Davis, and Eli Davis to determine what cosmetic repairs to make. We sent that info out to a few different companies to provide estimates and decided on a handyman company they had worked with before.

Here’s a list of most of the repairs:

-New porch decking and handrails

-Exterior Fascia and Trim

-New Windows

-Paint exterior of home, including new fascia, window trim, and porch

-New kitchen tile

-Remove overgrown vegetation

-Install new front door on one unit

-Faucet repairs in bathroom

-New Gutter system

New Fascia and Trim were installed on the exterior of the property

A single company has done a majority of the work, whereas the windows will be completed by a window specialist, and the gutter system will be completed by a separate company as well. 

When we got the first estimate for the window repair, the company told us it would be a 6-week delay at a MINIMUM to get the windows delivered. This was due to the COVID pandemic affecting worldwide supply chains, especially for home improvement items. I’m guessing this is because lots of people have been improving their homes over the last year, and many of these supplies come from China. 

To make matters even worse, in February Oklahoma City saw some extremely cold weather. Because of this, they couldn’t work on the paint and they couldn’t install the gutters until the weather got back above freezing. The city saw below-freezing temps for about 2 total weeks! 

Now that temperatures are back to normal in OKC, we’re making more progress. The biggest delay now is the windows, which still haven’t arrived. Once the windows are installed, the handyman company will update the trim and paint around the windows and most of the work will be complete by that time. We will do a final walkthrough to address minor issues, and then we’ll be on to the appraisal and refinance portion of the BRRRR process.

The new porch being installed!

Lessons Learned So Far

  1. You must have fantastic people on your team! I already knew this one, but the process so far has just reinforced it. If I did not have Paul and Sally at TPC to help project manage this, I would be in a real bind. Also, Abbie and Eli have been extremely helpful with advice on what work to do and what not to do, based on the condition of the home and the neighborhood. 
  1. The rehab will take longer than you think! Thankfully, I had always heard this on BiggerPockets episodes so I knew to expect it – and it is definitely true. The holidays, combined with COVID, compounded by super cold weather have caused the project to take at least twice as long as it would have otherwise. Typically, these longer rehab times would really annoy an investor like myself since I’m paying high-interest rates, but the money is going to my sister-in-law! So the longer the rehab goes, the more money she makes and at least we’re keeping it in the family!
  1. Take Action! Investing from out of state can be stressful. I’m not able to personally see these properties before putting in offers. I’m not able to evaluate all of these contractors in person, and I’m not able to personally inspect the work. This would paralyze many people into inaction. You have to trust your team and accept that you will make mistakes along the way. It’s much better to take action, make a mistake, learn from it, and move on than to be completely paralyzed and do nothing. Successful people take massive action!

I hope you enjoyed this article. Please share your thoughts and questions in the comments below, and make sure you follow @honorandequity on Instagram! Feel free to email me directly at doug@honorandequity.com

Honor and Equity 2020 Year in Review

What a year! I started 2020 in Iraq – halfway through a 6-month deployment. Neighboring Iran attacked our base with ballistic missiles, which was a significant moment in U.S./Middle East relations. The COVID pandemic soon overshadowed the attack. Thankfully the pandemic didn’t delay our return from deployment in late March, but we came back to a very different America. 

I was excited about not having to go to work for the first month or so after returning. This freedom meant more time to read, relax, and spend time with my soon-to-be-wife, Caitlin. I enjoy reading, but I was voraciously consuming books, sometimes reading over 100 pages per day with all that downtime. We had planned to be married on May 9th in Miami (we live in San Diego), but like many people in 2020, we had to adjust our life plans. We were married here in San Diego, with only a few family members in attendance. It wasn’t the wedding we expected, but it was pretty fantastic, to be honest. Getting married to Caitlin was, without a doubt, the happiest and most significant moment of the year for me. 

Joining A Mastermind Group

The second most significant moment was when I decided to join a real estate mastermind group for military members and veterans. A friend and mentor named Stuart Grazier (of Storehouse 3:10 Ventures) co-founded the War Room mastermind with David Pere (From Military to Millionaire). I was inspired to join a mastermind group after reading “Tribe of Millionaires,” an allegorical book produced by the founders of Gobundance outlining the benefits of joining a mastermind. (Check out my article about mastermind groups here). Being surrounded by motivated individuals with goals that align with yours is critical for personal growth. I started virtually meeting active duty service members who own multiple properties – and not just single-family homes; I’m talking apartment complexes, RV parks, and mobile home parks. I thought, “Wow, I need to up my game!” So I did

I distinctly remember a post that Stuart Grazier made in our War Room Facebook group in which he challenged everyone to create a ‘thought leadership platform.’ This platform could be a blog, a YouTube channel, a Twitter account – basically any medium through which you can talk about your journey and experiences in real estate. I knew this was something I had to do, so I took action and created Honor and Equity, a personal finance and real estate blog for military members, veterans, and their families. I didn’t know how to design a logo, start a website, create content, or dance in TikTok videos, but I figured it out (minus the TikTok vids!) with the help of family, friends, and fellow War Room members. I’ve always enjoyed talking with anyone who will listen about personal finance, investing, and real estate. The platform would help me share what I have learned with others and document my journey. 

Investing in Oklahoma City

Photo credit Gerson Repreza via unsplash.com

I try to connect with a different War Room member every week because each person has a unique military and investing background. I enjoy hearing about what everyone is working on and what they have done in the past. One of these conversations inspired me in a significant way. Michael Barnhart is an active duty Navy officer like myself currently stationed in England. He told me about how he and his wife were aggressively pursuing real estate in the Midwest utilizing the BRRRR strategy (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat – a must-read book by David Greene, by the way). This conversation was my lightbulb moment: if this guy is doing the BRRRR method from England, why am I not doing something similar from San Diego? Almost immediately, I started researching markets and eventually decided on Oklahoma City (check out my article about why I decided on OKC). I re-read Long-Distance Real Estate Investing by David Greene and read his BRRRR book while carefully putting together a team of real estate professionals in OKC to help me achieve my goals. 

Progress has been slow, but I write down my goals every day to stay focused and stay in the right mindset. We finally closed on the first property – a duplex – on December 11th, and everything is going smoothly so far. The home is already rented and needs mostly exterior cosmetic work. We are going to do all the rehab work with the tenants in place and the work should be complete in January/February after which we will do a cash-out refinance. My goal is to acquire two OKC properties per quarter, so if you know of anyone involved in real estate in Oklahoma City, send me a message! I post updates occasionally via the @honorandequity Instagram page, so make sure you’re following to get the most up to date information.

Beyond OKC, we also own a single-family home (SFH) in Pensacola, and we just closed on our third SFH in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. We closed on this home in Milwaukee and the duplex in OKC within about 4 days of each other, which doubled the total number of doors we own (3 doors to 6 doors)! Back in April of this year, we invested in a mobile home park (MHP) syndication in Cañon City, Colorado (check out the article here). My favorite part about that MHP investment is I know about half of the other investors (who are also on active duty). The team who put the deal together is led by a husband and wife team (both Army veterans). You may have noticed a theme with my network: I like to work with fellow military folks! I think that someone with 10+ years of service in the military tends also to be someone you can trust that communicates well and has grit and integrity – the same type of person with which you want to invest.

The Milwaukee turnkey properties we own are performing better than expected (thanks Storehouse 3:10 Ventures!), and I hired a new property management company back in May, which was a fantastic decision. The Pensacola property is the star-performer, though: of the properties we own, it has the highest cash-on-cash return and has appreciated the most since it was purchased in 2016. 

Honor and Equity in 2021

Photo credit Immo Wegmann via unsplash.com

H&E has grown a lot since its inception in the summer of 2020, and we will experience substantial growth in 2021. This growth is driven by a desire to help fellow military members and veterans in their personal finance and investing journey. One of my favorite parts about doing this is connecting with people, so if you want to connect or know someone who might want to, please reach out!

Priorities

  • Grow Honor and Equity via the creation of content designed to inspire and educate others within the scope of personal finance, real estate, and investing. 
  • Grow our portfolio in OKC via flips and BRRRR’s. Partner with others to scale and expand with the long-term goal of providing investment opportunities to other military members and veterans.

Thanks for reading this article! Please send me a message on Instagram @honorandequity or send me an email at doug@honorandequity.com!

My First Out of State Investment Property

Wisconsin Cash Flow!

My First Out of State Investment Property

I purchased my first property in Pensacola, Florida in October of 2016, and soon after buying it I became interested in learning more about real estate. I was consuming all of the BiggerPockets podcasts and purchased David Greene’s first book “Long-Distance Real Estate Investing”. This opened my eyes to the concept: live where you want to live – invest where the numbers make sense.

I listened to an episode of the BiggerPockets Money podcast with Stu Grazier, a fellow Navy officer and real estate enthusiast. He had just started a turnkey real estate company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Stu and his partner David Gutierrez (they were roommates at the Naval Academy) had a bad experience with a turnkey provider and were inspired to create their own company to help military members and veterans acquire cash-flowing properties. Storehouse 3:10 Ventures was born. I was immediately intrigued after hearing the story and contacted Stu via the BiggerPockets forums to learn more.

The Deal

Fast forward a few months, and I closed on my first out of state investment property in Milwaukee without setting foot in the state of Wisconsin. Here are the numbers:

  • Purchase price: $89,000
  • Financing: Conventional loan at 5.25%
  • Capital invested: $33,422

Pro Forma (Projected Numbers by Storehouse):

  • Monthly Cash Flow: $201.86
  • Cash on Cash ROI: 10.09%
  • Repairs and Maintenance: 5%
  • Vacancy: 7%

Savvy investors will wonder why I put so much capital in. When Stu and David purchased the home, it was a 2 bedroom / 1 bath, and they planned to convert the basement to a third bedroom – which they did. However, the appraiser would not recognize that third bedroom, so he classified it as a 2/1 instead of a 3/1 and the appraisal came in at $78,000: $26,000 lower than the expected After Repair Value (ARV). This is the worst news a home flipper can hear! Stu proposed we split the difference and draw up a new purchase agreement for $89,000. This was all very new to me, but I trusted Stu and David and I liked how the home would still rent as a 3/1 (I cared more about the cash flow) so I agreed to the lower purchase price. The lender would only finance 80% of the appraised value (78k) so I had to come up with the difference between what they would cover and the updated purchase price (89k).

The Storehouse team was fantastic about helping me along through the process. They always answered my questions quickly and honestly (and still do!) – which I appreciate immensely and speaks to their integrity as business owners.

The First Year (2019)

First Year Performance Numbers (Pro Forma Estimates in Parentheses):

Monthly Cash Flow: $406.43 ($201.86)

Cash on Cash ROI: 14.59% (10.09%)

Repairs and Maintenance: 12.3% (5%)

Vacancy: 12% (7%)

I learned a lot in the first year! I especially learned how important the property management is once you close. I have since switched to a different property management company due to issues with communication and their accounting practices. I also think they could have done a much better job screening my first tenant. She ended up not paying the rent 4 months into the lease, but thankfully left the property and turned the keys in. I used her security deposit to cover that month’s rent, but then I was left with a vacant property for 6 weeks until the PM was able to find a new tenant, which was very frustrating.

You’ll notice the repairs and maintenance expense was much higher than expected. I don’t know the exact reason for this, but I suspect the previous property management company was not finding the best deals for work performed on the house. For example, there was a possum trapped in a window well, so the PM contacted an exterminator company who charged over $200 to remove a single possum. Time will tell if my R&M expense decreases for the 2020 tax year thanks to the new PM. More to follow on that.

I’ve been with the new property management company (Smart Asset Realty LLC) for a few months now, and it’s been fantastic so far. I set expectations from the beginning and made sure they knew how important communication is to me. I was also able to visit their office in Waukesha, Wisconsin, in person, only a few weeks ago. I was very impressed with their spaces, the team, and the excellent company culture they have.

Would I Do This Deal Again?

Absolutely I would. It cash flows more than Storehouse projected it would and the property has appreciated to about $100,000. I plan on holding this home for a long time, and I recommend the Milwaukee market for anyone looking for strong cash flow. I was so happy with the turnkey experience provided by Stu and David that I purchased another home from them only a few months later.

Turnkey is a great way to get into real estate investing, especially for military members. I actually wrote an article about this already so check it out!

I hope you enjoyed this article. Please share with a friend and follow me on Instagram! @honorandequity

Photo courtesy http://www.storehouse310turnkey.com